OBSS underwent modifications in its structure and Insigne. The present decoration consists of a Cross potent enamelled in red with gold border, with four small Crosses enamelled in silver with gold border adjoining the four sides.
The Order was reorganised in 1821, in 1919, in 1943, in 1965, in 1987, in 1995 and adapted to present day requirements by Magistral Decree of 2nd January 2004, Feast of St. Basil, Patron Saint of the Order.
On 5th December 1986 the Head of the Name and Arms of the Rjurik Dynasty and Grand Master of the Order, H.I.H. Grand Duke Dimitrij X Dimitrevic, broke with tradition in the absence of direct male heirs and nominated the Lieutenant Grand Master, Knight Grand Cross of Justice Alfred Josef Baldacchino, Prince Grand Master ad vitam and Supreme Head of the Order.
On 4 March 1988 the Grand Duke, by an “Act of Declaration and Passage”, decreed as follows:
“We have decided to renounce to the jus imperii, to the jus gladii, to the jus maiestatis of the ORDO BYZANTINUS SANCTI SEPULCHRI, in favour of Prince Alfred Josef Baldacchino who, as Prince Grand Master, has been recognised by Us as the Supreme Head of the Order and thus the only holder of the above mentioned rights.”
On 12th October 1989 the Grand Duke, endorsing the unanimous Petition from the Magistral Council of the Order, adopted Prince Alfred Josef Baldacchino, proclaiming him His adopted Son and dynastic Successor, in virtue of a Testamentary Act of Dynastic Adoption, conferring on Him as dowry the ORDO BYZANTINUS SANCTI SEPULCHRI.
On 6th August 2000 the Grand Duke renounced and transferred in absolute perpetuity his Sovereignty and fons honorum over the ORDO BYZANTINUS SANCTI SEPULCHRI in favour of Prince Alfred Josef Baldacchino and His legitimate Successors.
These four Imperial Decrees, together with other historical documents, have been deposited by the Grand Duke and the Prince Grand Master in the records of Public Notary Alessandro Mattiangeli in Rome on 5th October 2000. A notarised copy is held in the Archives of the Order in Malta.
Following these developments a new Statute was promulgated by Magistral Decree dated 2nd January 2004, Feast of St. Basil, Patron saint of the Order.
The Order enjoys special privileges and recognitions in various Nations, where it is recognised as a Sovereign Dynastic Military Order of Chivalry. In virtue of its characteristics the ORDO BYZANTINUS SANCTI SEPULCHRI enjoys the attributes and prerogatives of a Subject of international law.